What is Psychological Consultation?
Psychological consultation is a diagnostic procedure to assess the patient’s state of mind and how it affects the patient’s behavior and life. The psychologist will make a treatment plan according to the patient’s condition, based on a series of tests and the results shown. This plan is carried out and monitored entirely through appointments between the psychologist and the patient. You can use the service from cartomanzia.fun
Psychology doesn’t just study the mind; but also studies the relationship between the mind and its influence on behavior, traits, learning and cognitive abilities, motor abilities, and overall human functioning. Practitioners of psychology are called psychologists .
Often, many are confused between a psychologist and a psychiatrist or vice versa. Although the two often work together in various conditions and cases, they are different. Psychologists are specialists, while psychiatrists are doctors. Both have undergraduate education, but psychologists must undergo postgraduate or doctoral education before being able to practice. Meanwhile, psychiatrists are specialists and undergo residency training in hospitals.
Psychologists are found in a variety of industries, not only limited to health care, education, business, generally assisting the human resources department. Some of them decide to become psychometrics. After earning an undergraduate or postgraduate degree, they can design, evaluate, modify, and analyze a variety of tests to perform measurements.
Like psychiatrists, psychologists, especially clinical psychologists, can diagnose disorders based on the patient’s behavior, nature, and performance on tests including verbal and nonverbal communication, such as eye contact. They are also allowed to prescribe drugs in addition to recognized therapies to improve, control, and prevent mental illness.
Who Needs and Expected Results
Psychologists may be needed by:
Patients diagnosed with mental illness – Often, these patients have seen a psychiatrist, and been given a diagnosis, and received a prescription. However, patients may be referred or seek a psychologist for additional treatment to change certain behaviors and manage existing symptoms.
Children with learning disabilities – Many psychologists work with children diagnosed with a developmental disorder or learning disability such as dyslexia . The training received by psychologists can help these children, learn like children in general.
A person suspected of having a certain disease – Psychologists can perform assessments to diagnose mood disorders, dementia or Alzheimer’s, anxiety, depression , autism spectrum, and others.
Patients with injuries – Injuries can affect the patient’s behavior and state of mind, which can trigger the development of symptoms such as depression or anxiety. Some injuries also affect the head or brain, which can cause cognitive changes.
Those in stressful situations – A person who is very stressed can see a psychologist, even if there are no symptoms or problems. Stress can change a person’s behavior, cognition and emotions, especially when the stress is persistent or caused by a significant event such as the death of a family member, divorce, or surgery or imminent birth.
Psychologists may need to conduct risk assessments at work or school, as well as appear in court or other legal proceedings to testify or answer questions that can assist in resolving cases. They also provide forensic consultation, including making assessments of victims and suspects.
How Psychological Consultation Works
Patients who believe they have a mental or emotional disorder can see either a psychiatrist or psychologist. Some patients are referred by other professionals, such as teachers, general practitioners , or psychiatrists following the diagnosis or development of certain symptoms.
Consultations are usually carried out in a psychologist’s clinic, which is designed to win over and make the patient comfortable thereby reducing the level of stress and anxiety in the patient. The psychologist begins the consultation by asking the patient’s goals, followed by an analysis of each of the leads, findings, and workups.
The psychologist will perform different tests, including a physical exam as well as a clinical interview. Certain tests will also be carried out such as IQ, trait and behavior tests. Then, the patient will need to return for a formal diagnosis and/or treatment plan.
Possible Risks and Complications
Psychological consultation is very safe. These specialists have the knowledge, training, and experience to effectively control behavioral problems and mental disorders. However, the patient may encounter some problems.
First, psychologists deal with a more personal level, so it may make the patient feel uncomfortable talking to the psychologist during the consultation. Second, treatment plans are not guaranteed to work 100%. Otherwise, the patient will feel frustrated with the process and choose to stop. Medication inconsistency can make the problem worse.